Bangladesh, a country of 160 million people in a land mass roughly the size of the state of Iowa, depends on agriculture for its food and nutrition security, income generation, and poverty reduction. Progressing in its goal toward food security, agriculture currently provides 47% direct employment while contributing nearly 16% to national GDP. At present, 24% of the population lives below the poverty line with a per capita income of $1,314 .
Bangladesh faces various challenges such as a reduction in arable land, effects of climate change (such as soil salinity), and limited use of quality agro-inputs. These impediments are felt acutely in the southern part of the country, which is especially susceptible to natural disasters such as cyclones and flooding.
Despite numerous pressures, Bangladesh has maintained a GDP growth rate of over 6% for the last six years, heading towards becoming a middle income country by 2021.